Nomessin – Industrial Revolution 4.0 will bring many changes with all the consequences, and the industry will be more compact and efficient.
However, there are also risks that may arise, for example a decrease in human resources due to their replacement by machines or robots.
The world is currently watching Industrial Revolution 4.0 carefully. Millions of opportunities exist, but on the other hand there are millions a challenge It must be confronted.
1 Understanding Industrial Revolution 4.0
In fact, what is meant by Industrial Revolution 4.0? In short, the concept of Industry 4.0 is a trend in the industrial world that combines automation technology with electronic technology.
In Industry 4.0, manufacturing technology has entered the trend of automation and data exchange. This includes cyber-physical systems, Internet of Things (IoT)Cloud computing and cognitive computing.
This trend has changed many areas of human life, including Economie, the world of work, even the way of life of man himself.
In short, Industrial Revolution 4.0 inculcates intelligent technology that can be connected to various areas of human life.
2 Industrial Design Principles 4.0
Quoting from Wikipedia, Industrial Revolution 4.0 contains four principles that allow each company to define and implement different Industrial 4.0 scenarios, including:
- Interoperability (compatibility); The ability of machines, devices, sensors, and humans to communicate and communicate with each other through media Internet For Everything (IoT) or Internet for the Masses (IoT).
- information transparency; The ability of information systems to create virtual copies of the physical world by enriching digital factory models with sensor data.
- Technical Support; The first is the ability of the assistance system to help humans collect data and create perceptions in order to make wise decisions. Second, the ability of electronic physical systems to assist humans in performing various tasks that are difficult, unpleasant, or unsafe for humans.
- independent decision; The ability of cyber-physical systems to make decisions and perform tasks as independently as possible.
3 Are you ready to face the Industrial Revolution 4.0?
The person who introduced Industrial Revolution 4.0 was a. Klaus Martin Schwab, a German engineer and economist, who is also the founder and CEO of the World Economic Forum.
in his book Fourth Industrial Revolution (2017), states that we are currently at the beginning of a revolution that is fundamentally changing the way we live, work, and communicate with one another.
The changes are dramatic and occur at an exponential rate. A very impressive change in life compared to the era of the previous industrial revolution. In Industrial Revolution 1.0, the growth of mechanization and energy based on steam and water became a mark.
The power of man and animals was replaced by the advent of machines. The steam engine of the eighteenth century was one of the highest achievements.
This revolution 1.0 can boost the economy significantly. During the two centuries following the Industrial Revolution, the per capita income of the world’s nations increased sixfold.
Industrial Revolution 2.0 was marked by the development of electric power and motors. Manufacturing and mass production was done. Phones, cars, and planes are examples of the highest achievements.
Changes happened very quickly in Industrial Revolution 3.0. It was marked by the growth of industries based on electronics, information technology, and automation.
Digital technology and the Internet began to appear at the end of this era. Industrial Revolution 4.0 is characterized by evolution Internet from / to thingsHis presence quickly.
The existence of Industrial Revolution 4.0 has already led to the emergence of new businesses, new jobs and new professions that were previously unimaginable.
A German educational figure named Andreas Schleicher once said, “Your education today is your economy tomorrow.”.
With regard to Industrial Revolution 4.0, in order to achieve success in the future age, the world of education must be able to foster the creativity and talents of its students.
It is hoped that the level of innovation in Indonesia, which is currently ranked 87th in the world, will continue to increase until it becomes more competitive in the current era of technological transformation.
In conclusion, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is not a scary event, rather the opportunities are more broadly open for the sons of the nation to contribute to the national economy.